In the simple past, there are two ways to distinguish in regulars and irregulars verbs.
Syntax (POSITIVE FORM):
I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they + VERB (PAST FORM) + Complement
-Verbs ending in e, add d.
- Consonant + y change y => i + ed.
- Wowel + consonant, double the consonant and add ed.
- y and w, at the end of a word are not consonant sounds. So verbs ending in y or w don't double consonant.
- Linten => Linstened
- Like => Liked
- Study=> Studied
- Play => Played
Examples: NO MATTER WHICH IS THE SUBJECT: ALWAYS wear the same CONJUGATION
1) Maria played soccer last week.
2) Pedro and Juan watched TV yesterday
3) We studied for the test but we all failed.
4) They talked on the phone for two hours last night.
In the negative form we need to use the auxiliary did + not (didn’t). remember that when we use the auxiliary we put the verb in the INFINITIVE form. The auxiliary didn’t is used in the negative form with verbs that are not to be. DO NOT USE DIDN’T WITH WAS OR WERE!!!
|Subject||Auxiliary (did) + not||Infinitive|
Did not (didn’t)
|She studied all night||She didn’t study all night|
Simple Past (QUESTION FORM)
In the question form we need to use the auxiliary “Did” and we have to write the verb in the INFINITIVE form
We can also place the question word before this structure:
QW + DID + Subject+ Verb (Infinitive)
- What did you do yesterday?
- Where did Maria go last week?
- What time did Pedro leave the party?
- When did Sarah get married?
- How many bottles of beer did they drink?
|(-) I don’t study||I didn’t study|
|(-) She doesn’t work||She didn’t work|
|(?) Does she study?||Did she study?|
|(?) Do you like movies?||Did you like the movie?|